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Abolitionism

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Congregations Sites for the Abolitioninsts

Lawrence

Lawrence, city, seat (1855) of Douglas county, eastern Kansas, U.S., on the Kansas (Kaw) River. It was founded in 1854 by antislavery radicals who had come to Kansas under the auspices of the New England Emigrant Aid Company to outvote proslavery settlers and thus make Kansas a nonslave state. The town was named for Amos A. Lawrence, a New England textile manufacturer. It was a noted station on the Underground Railroad by which slaves escaped into free territory. As a Jayhawker (Abolitionist) headquarters, the town was sacked in 1856 by proslavery militia under a former Democratic senator from Missouri, David Rice Atchison, and in 1863 by the Confederate guerrilla William Clarke Quantrill, who massacred more than 150 citizens. In 1866 the University of Kansas was opened there, and in 1884 Haskell Institute (now Haskell Indian Junior College) was established for American Indians. Baker University (1858) is in Baldwin City, 13 miles (21 km) south. Lawrence has some small factories, but it is essentially a college town. Inc. 1858. Pop. (1992 est.) city, 66,810; Lawrence MSA, 83,293.

 

Manhattan

city, Pottawatomie and Riley counties and seat of Riley county, northeastern Kansas, U.S., where the Big Blue and Kansas (Kaw) rivers meet, there dammed to form Tuttle Creek Lake, on the northern edge of the rolling Flint Hills. The village was founded in 1855 when the settlements of Poleska and Canton were consolidated as Boston, only to be renamed Manhattan the next year by mutual agreement between the Boston Association of Kansas and a party of colonists from Cincinnati, Ohio. The "Beecher Bible and Rifle" Church (1862) received its name from the proslavery and antislavery tumult, when rifles for the Abolitionist congregation arrived in crates marked "Bibles." Chiefly an educational centre, Manhattan is the home of Kansas State University (one of the first land-grant colleges in the United States, founded in 1863) and Manhattan Christian College (1927). It is a trading and processing centre for the surrounding agricultural area. Fort Riley (1852), headquarters of the 1st Infantry Division, is 8 miles (13 km) southwest. Inc. 1857. Pop. (1990) 37,712.

 

Osawatomie

city, Miami county, eastern Kansas, U.S. It lies along the Marais des Cygnes River at the mouth of Pottawatomie Creek. Settled in 1854 with support of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, Osawatomie was the headquarters for John Brown's militant Free State operations in the Kansas Territory and was a station on the Underground Railroad (for escaped slaves). In retaliation for Brown's slaying of five proslavery settlers at Pottawatomie Creek, his stronghold was invaded on Aug. 30, 1856, by Missourians. Brown and 40 of his Abolitionist followers fled, and the town was ransacked and burned. The John Brown Memorial Park commemorates this skirmish and Brown's career. The name Osawatomie combines the names of the Osage and Potawatomi Indians. The city is on a division point of the Missouri Pacific Railroad and has railroad shops. It is near oil and gas fields and is a trading centre for an agricultural region. Osawatomie State (mental) Hospital was established in 1863. Inc. city, 1882. Pop. (1992 est.) 4,563.

 

 

Salem

city, Columbiana county, northeastern Ohio, U.S., 20 miles (32 km) southwest of Youngstown. It was settled in 1801 by Quakers from Salem, N.J., and was laid out in 1806. Before the American Civil War it was a station on the Underground Railroad for runaway slaves, and it was also headquarters of the Western Anti-Slavery Society, which published the Anti-Slavery Bugle. (see also Index: abolitionism)

 

Waukesha

city, seat (1847) of Waukesha County, southeastern Wisconsin, U.S., on the Fox River, immediately west of Milwaukee. Settled in 1834 as Prairieville, it was renamed Waukesha (Potawatomi for "By the Little Fox"). A station on the Underground Railroad for runaway slaves, it was an Abolitionist centre before the Civil War, publishing the anti-slavery American Freeman. From 1870 to 1915 it was a health resort known for its mud baths and mineral springs. Limestone quarrying and diversified industries, including machine shops and foundries and food processing, are economic mainstays. It is the seat of Carroll College (1846) and of a University of Wisconsin centre (1966). Inc. village, 1852; city, 1896. Pop. (1990) 56,958.

 

Worcester

city, seat (1731) of Worcester county, central Massachusetts, U.S., on the Blackstone River, midway between Boston and Springfield. A major commercial and industrial centre and the state's second largest city, it is the hub of an urbanized area composed of a number of towns (townships) including Holden, Shrewsbury, Boylston, Millbury, Auburn, and Leicester. The original settlement (1673) was disbanded during King Philip's (Indian) War (1675-76) against the colonists, and permanent settlement was not realized until 1713. The community was incorporated as a town in 1722 and named for Worcester, Eng.

Textile manufacturing began in 1789, and the first corduroy cloth in the United States was produced there. Early economic development was hindered by a lack of waterpower, but, with the advent of steam power and the opening (1828) of the Blackstone Canal linking the community to Providence, R.I., a period of expansion and industrialization began; the building of railway connections further stimulated the city's growth. Modern industries are highly diversified and include the production of primary and fabricated metals, textiles, clothing, paper, leather, electrical machinery, stone, clay products, glass, and precision instruments. State hospitals located there also contribute to the economy.

The city was an early centre of Abolitionist sentiment and became an important stop on the Underground Railroad, a route for escaped slaves. The Free-Soil Party in Massachusetts, which opposed the extension of slavery, evolved out of a meeting held in Worcester (1848). The city, a noted educational and cultural centre, is the seat of the College of the Holy Cross (1843; the oldest New England Catholic college), Worcester Polytechnic Institute (1865), the Worcester State College (1874), Clark University (1887), Assumption College (1904), and Becker College: Worcester Campus (1887). Other institutions include the Worcester Art Museum, New England Science Center, the Worcester Historical Society Museum, and the John Woodman Higgins Armory Museum (with a notable collection of medieval armour). The annual Worcester Music Festival (begun in 1858) is the oldest such festival in the United States. Lake Quinsigamond and the Quinsigamond State Park are nearby. Inc. city, 1848. Pop. (1993 est.) city, 163,932; Worcester MSA, 470,774.

   

Ableman v. Booth ] Adams, John Quincy ] "America" - By James M Whitfield ] Amistad mutiny ] Anti-Slavery Convention Address - Angelina Grimke's ] American Anti-Slavery Society ] From David Walker's Appeal - Our Wretchedness in Consequence of Slavery ] Birney, James Gillespie ] Black Code ] Bleeding Kansas ] Brown, William Wells ] Brown, John ] Chapman, Maria Weston ] Child, Lydia Maria ] Clay, Cassius Marcellus ] Compromise of 1850 ] Crandall, Prudence ] Emancipation Proclamation ] Forced Labour ] Foster, Abigail Kelley ] freedman ] Freedmen's Bureau ] Freetown ] Fugitive Slave Acts ] gag rule ] Grimke, Sarah (Moore) and Angelina (Emily) ] From The Liberator  - By William Lloyd Garrison ] Liberty Party ] Abraham Lincoln ] lynching ] The Martyr - From Uncle Tom’s Cabin ] Middle Passage ] Missouri Compromise ] peonage ] personal-liberty laws ] On the Reception of Abolition Petitions ] Racism ] Reconstruction ] Serfdom ] Sharp, Granville ] [ Congregations Sites for the Abolitioninsts ] Stevens, Thaddeus ] Thoreau's "A Plea for Captain John Brown" ] Uncle Tom's Cabin and American Culture ] Truth, Sojourner ] Turner, Nat ] Underground Railroad ] Whittier, John Greenleaf ]


 ] Wiliam LLoyd Garrison ] Frederick Douglass ] The Liberator ] Thomas Clarkson ] Wilberforce, William ] Uncle Tom's Cabin ] Slavery ] 관련 문서들 ]


 
 
 

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