Seeing that everybody, gods of the world and mankind, says that nothing existed prior
to chaos, I, in distinction to them, shall demonstrate that they are all mistaken, because
they are not acquainted with the origin of chaos, nor with its root. Here is the
How well it suits all men, on the subject of chaos, to say that it is a kind of darkness! But
in fact it comes from a shadow, which has been called by the name 'darkness'. And the
shadow comes from a product that has existed since the beginning. It is, moreover,
clear that it existed before chaos came into being, and that the latter is posterior to the
first product. Let us therefore concern ourselves with the facts of the matter; and
furthermore, with the first product, from which chaos was projected. And in this way the
truth will be clearly demonstrated.
After the natural structure of the immortal beings had completely developed out of the
infinite, a likeness then emanated from Pistis (Faith); it is called Sophia (Wisdom). It
exercised volition and became a product resembling the primeval light. And
immediately her will manifested itself as a likeness of heaven, having an unimaginable
magnitude; it was between the immortal beings and those things that came into being
after them, like [...]: she (Sophia) functioned as a veil dividing mankind from the things
Now the eternal realm (aeon) of truth has no shadow outside it, for the limitless light is
everywhere within it. But its exterior is shadow, which has been called by the name
'darkness'. From it, there appeared a force, presiding over the darkness. And the forces
that came into being subsequent to them called the shadow 'the limitless chaos'. From
it, every kind of divinity sprouted up [...] together with the entire place, so that also,
shadow is posterior to the first product. It was <in> the abyss that it (shadow)
appeared, deriving from the aforementioned Pistis.
Then shadow perceived there was something mightier than it, and felt envy; and when it
had become pregnant of its own accord, suddenly it engendered jealousy. Since that
day, the principle of jealousy amongst all the eternal realms and their worlds has been
apparent. Now as for that jealousy, it was found to be an abortion without any spirit in it.
Like a shadow, it came into existence in a vast watery substance. Then the bile that had
come into being out of the shadow was thrown into a part of chaos. Since that day, a
watery substance has been apparent. And what sank within it flowed away, being visible
in chaos: as with a woman giving birth to a child - all her superfluities flow out; just so,
matter came into being out of shadow, and was projected apart. And it did not depart
from chaos; rather, matter was in chaos, being in a part of it.
And when these things had come to pass, then Pistis came and appeared over the
matter of chaos, which had been expelled like an aborted fetus - since there was no
spirit in it. For all of it (chaos) was limitless darkness and bottomless water. Now when
Pistis saw what had resulted from her defect, she became disturbed. And the
disturbance appeared, as a fearful product; it rushed to her in the chaos. She turned to
it and blew into its face in the abyss, which is below all the heavens.
And when Pistis Sophia desired to cause the thing that had no spirit to be formed into a
likeness and to rule over matter and over all her forces, there appeared for the first time
a ruler, out of the waters, lion-like in appearance, androgynous, having great authority
within him, and ignorant of whence he had come into being. Now when Pistis Sophia saw
him moving about in the depth of the waters, she said to him, "Child, pass through to
here," whose equivalent is 'yalda baoth'.
Since that day, there appeared the principle of verbal expression, which reached the
gods and the angels and mankind. And what came into being as a result of verbal
expression, the gods and the angels and mankind finished. Now as for the ruler
Yaltabaoth, he is ignorant of the force of Pistis: he did not see her face, rather he saw in
the water the likeness that spoke with him. And because of that voice, he called himself
'Yaldabaoth'. But 'Ariael' is what the perfect call him, for he was like a lion. Now when he
had come to have authority over matter, Pistis Sophia withdrew up to her light.
When the ruler saw his magnitude - and it was only himself that he saw: he saw nothing
else, except for water and darkness - then he supposed that it was he alone who
existed. His [...] was completed by verbal expression: it appeared as a spirit moving to
and fro upon the waters. And when that spirit appeared, the ruler set apart the watery
substance. And what was dry was divided into another place. And from matter, he made
for himself an abode, and he called it 'heaven'. And from matter, the ruler made a
footstool, and he called it 'earth'.
Next, the ruler had a thought - consistent with his nature - and by means of verbal
expression he created an androgyne. He opened his mouth and cooed to him. When
his eyes had been opened, he looked at his father, and he said to him, "Eee!" Then his
father called him Eee-a-o ('Yao'). Next he created the second son. He cooed to him.
And he opened his eyes and said to his father, "Eh!" His father called him 'Eloai'. Next,
he created the third son. He cooed to him. And he opened his eyes and said to his father,
"Asss!" His father called him 'Astaphaios'. These are the three sons of their father.
Seven appeared in chaos, androgynous. They have their masculine names and their
feminine names. The feminine name is Pronoia (Forethought) Sambathas, which is
And his son is called Yao: his feminine name is Lordship.
Sabaoth: his feminine name is Deity.
Adonaios: his feminine name is Kingship.
Elaios: his feminine name is Jealousy.
Oraios: his feminine name is Wealth.
And Astaphaios: his feminine name is Sophia (Wisdom).
These are the seven forces of the seven heavens of chaos. And they were born
androgynous, consistent with the immortal pattern that existed before them, according to
the wish of Pistis: so that the likeness of what had existed since the beginning might
reign to the end. You will find the effect of these names and the force of the male entities
in the Archangelic (Book) of the Prophet Moses, and the names of the female
entities in the first Book of Noraia.
Now the prime parent Yaldabaoth, since he possessed great authorities, created
heavens for each of his offspring through verbal expression - created them beautiful,
as dwelling places - and in each heaven he created great glories, seven times
excellent. Thrones and mansions and temples, and also chariots and virgin spirits up
to an invisible one and their glories, each one has these in his heaven; mighty armies
of gods and lords and angels and archangels - countless myriads - so that they might
serve. The account of these matters you will find in a precise manner in the first
Account of Oraia.
And they were completed from this heaven to as far up as the sixth heaven, namely that
of Sophia. The heaven and his earth were destroyed by the troublemaker that was
below them all. And the six heavens shook violently; for the forces of chaos knew who
it was that had destroyed the heaven that was below them. And when Pistis knew about
the breakage resulting from the disturbance, she sent forth her breath and bound him
and cast him down into Tartaros. Since that day, the heaven, along with its earth, has
consolidated itself through Sophia the daughter of Yaldabaoth, she who is below them
Now when the heavens had consolidated themselves along with their forces and all
their administration, the prime parent became insolent. And he was honored by all the
army of angels. And all the gods and their angels gave blessing and honor to him. And
for his part, he was delighted and continually boasted, saying to them, "I have no need
of anyone." He said, "It is I who am God, and there is no other one that exists apart
from me." And when he said this, he sinned against all the immortal beings who give
answer. And they laid it to his charge.
Then when Pistis saw the impiety of the chief ruler, she was filled with anger. She was
invisible. She said, "You are mistaken, Samael," (that is, "blind god"). "There is an
immortal man of light who has been in existence before you, and who will appear among
your modelled forms; he will trample you to scorn, just as potter's clay is pounded. And
you will descend to your mother, the abyss, along with those that belong to you. For at
the consummation of your (pl.) works, the entire defect that has become visible out of the
truth will be abolished, and it will cease to be, and will be like what has never been."
Saying this, Pistis revealed her likeness of her greatness in the waters. And so doing,
she withdrew up to her light.
Now when Sabaoth, the son of Yaldabaoth, heard the voice of Pistis, he sang praises to
her, and he condemned the father [...] at the word of Pistis; and he praised her because
she had instructed them about the immortal man and his light. Then Pistis Sophia
stretched out her finger and poured upon him some light from her light, to be a
condemnation of his father. Then when Sabaoth was illumined, he received great
authority against all the forces of chaos. Since that day he has been called "Lord of the
He hated his father, the darkness, and his mother, the abyss, and loathed his sister, the
thought of the prime parent, which moved to and fro upon the waters. And because of his
light, all the authorities of chaos were jealous of him. And when they had become
disturbed, they made a great war in the seven heavens. Then when Pistis Sophia had
seen the war, she dispatched seven archangels to Sabaoth from her light. They
snatched him up to the seventh heaven. They stood before him as attendants.
Furthermore, she sent him three more archangels, and established the kingdom for him
over everyone, so that he might dwell above the twelve gods of chaos.
Now when Sabaoth had taken up the place of repose in return for his repentance, Pistis
also gave him her daughter Zoe (Life), together with great authority, so that she might
instruct him about all things that exist in the eighth heaven. And as he had authority, he
made himself first of all a mansion. It is huge, magnificent, seven times as great as all
those that exist in the seven heavens.
And before his mansion he created a throne, which was huge and was upon a four-faced
chariot called "Cherubin". Now the Cherubin has eight shapes per each of the four
corners, lion forms and calf forms and human forms and eagle forms, so that all the
forms amount to sixty-four forms - and seven archangels that stand before it; he is the
eighth, and has authority. All the forms amount to seventy-two. Furthermore, from this
chariot the seventy-two gods took shape; they took shape so that they might rule over
the seventy-two languages of the peoples. And by that throne he created other,
serpent-like angels, called "Seraphin", which praise him at all times.
Thereafter he created a congregation of angels, thousands and myriads, numberless,
which resembled the congregation in the eighth heaven; and a firstborn called
which is, "the man that sees God"; and another being, called Jesus Christ, who
resembles the savior above in the eighth heaven, and who sits at his right upon a
revered throne. And at his left, there sits the virgin of the holy spirit, upon a throne and
glorifying him. And the seven virgins stand before her, [...] possessing thirty harps, and
psalteries and trumpets, glorifying him. And all the armies of the angels glorify him, and
they bless him. Now where he sits is upon a throne of light <within a> great cloud that
covers him. And there was no one with him in the cloud except Sophia <the daughter
of> Pistis, instructing him about all the things that exist in the eighth heaven, so that the
likenesses of those things might be created, in order that his reign might endure until the
consummation of the heavens of chaos and their forces.
Now Pistis Sophia set him apart from the darkness and summoned him to her right, and
the prime parent she put at her left. Since that day, right has been called justice, and left
called wickedness. Now because of this, they all received a realm in the congregation
of justice and wickedness, [...] stand [...] upon a creature [...] all.
Thus, when the prime parent of chaos saw his son Sabaoth and the glory that he was in,
and perceived that he was greatest of all the authorities of chaos, he envied him. And
having become wrathful, he engendered Death out of his death: and he (viz., Death) was
established over the sixth heaven, <for> Sabaoth had been snatched up from
there. And thus the number of the six authorities of chaos was achieved. Then Death,
being androgynous, mingled with his (own) nature and begot seven androgynous
offspring. These are the names of the male ones: Jealousy, Wrath, Tears, Sighing,
Suffering, Lamentation, Bitter Weeping. And these are the names of the female ones:
Wrath, Pain, Lust, Sighing, Curse, Bitterness, Quarrelsomeness. They had intercourse
with one another, and each one begot seven, so that they amount to forty-nine
androgynous demons. Their names and their effects you will find in the Book of
And in the presence of these, Zoe, who was with Sabaoth, created seven good
androgynous forces. These are the names of the male ones: the Unenvious, the
Blessed, the Joyful, the True, the Unbegrudging, the Beloved, the Trustworthy. Also, as
regards the female ones, these are their names: Peace, Gladness, Rejoicing,
Blessedness, Truth, Love, Faith (Pistis). And from these are many good and innocent
spirits. Their influences and their effects you will find in the Configurations of the Fate
of Heaven That Is Beneath the Twelve.
And having seen the likeness of Pistis in the waters, the prime parent grieved
very much, especially when he heard her voice, like the first voice that had called to
him out of the waters. And when he knew that it was she who had given a name to him,
he sighed. He was ashamed on account of his transgression. And when he had come to
know in truth that an immortal man of light had been existing before him, he was greatly
disturbed; for he had previously said to all the gods and their angels, "It is I who am
god. No other one exists apart from me." For he had been afraid they might know that
another had been in existence before him, and might condemn him. But he, being
devoid of understanding, scoffed at the condemnation and acted recklessly. He said,
"If anything has existed before me, let it appear, so that we may see its light."
And immediately, behold! Light came out of the eighth heaven above and passed
through all of the heavens of the earth. When the prime parent saw that the light was
beautiful as it radiated, he was amazed. And he was greatly ashamed. As that light
appeared, a human likeness appeared within it, very wonderful. And no one saw it
except for the prime parent and Pronoia, who was with him. Yet its light appeared to all
the forces of the heavens. Because of this they were all troubled by it.
Then when Pronoia saw that emissary, she became enamored of him. But he hated
her because she was on the darkness. But she desired to embrace him, and she was
not able to. When she was unable to assuage her love, she poured out her light upon the
earth. Since that day, that emissary has been called "Adam of Light," whose rendering
is "the luminous man of blood," and the earth spread over him, holy Adaman, whose
rendering is "the Holy Land of Adamantine." Since that day, all the authorities have
honored the blood of the virgin. And the earth was purified on account of the blood of the
virgin. But most of all, the water was purified through the likeness of Pistis Sophia, who
had appeared to the prime parent in the waters. Justly, then, it has been said: "through
the waters." The holy water, since it vivifies the all, purifies it.
Out of that first blood Eros appeared, being androgynous. His masculinity is Himireris,
being fire from the light. His femininity that is with him - a soul of blood - is from the stuff
of Pronoia. He is very lovely in his beauty, having a charm beyond all the creatures of
chaos. Then all the gods and their angels, when they beheld Eros, became enamored
of him. And appearing in all of them, he set them afire: just as from a single lamp many
lamps are lit, and one and the same light is there, but the lamp is not diminished. And in
this way, Eros became dispersed in all the created beings of chaos, and was not
diminished. Just as from the midpoint of light and darkness Eros appeared and at the
midpoint of the angels and mankind the sexual union of Eros was consummated, so out
of the earth the primal pleasure blossomed. The woman followed earth. And marriage
followed woman. Birth followed marriage. Dissolution followed birth.
After that Eros, the grapevine sprouted up out of that blood, which had been shed over
the earth. Because of this, those who drink of it conceive the desire of sexual union. After
the grapevine, a fig tree and a pomegranate tree sprouted up from the earth, together
with the rest of the trees, all species, having with them their seed from the seed of the
authorities and their angels.
Then Justice created Paradise, being beautiful and being outside the orbit of the moon
and the orbit of the sun in the Land of Wantonness, in the East in the midst of the stones.
And desire is in the midst of the beautiful, appetizing trees. And the tree of eternal life is
as it appeared by God's will, to the north of Paradise, so that it might make eternal the
souls of the pure, who shall come forth from the modelled forms of poverty at the
consummation of the age. Now the color of the tree of life is like the sun. And its
branches are beautiful. Its leaves are like those of the cypress. Its fruit is like a bunch of
grapes when it is white. Its height goes as far as heaven. And next to it (is) the tree of
knowledge (gnosis), having the strength of God. Its glory is like the moon when
fully radiant. And its branches are beautiful. Its leaves are like fig leaves. Its fruit is like
a good appetizing date. And this tree is to the north of Paradise, so that it might arouse
the souls from the torpor of the demons, in order that they might approach the tree of life
and eat of its fruit, and so condemn the authorities and their angels. The effect of this
tree is described in the Sacred Book, to wit: "It is you who are the tree of
knowledge, which is in Paradise, from which the first man ate and which opened his
mind; and he loved his female counterpart and condemned the other, alien likenesses
and loathed them."
Now after it, the olive tree sprouted up, which was to purify the kings and the high priests
of righteousness, who were to appear in the last days, since the olive tree appeared out
of the light of the first Adam for the sake of the unguent that they were to receive.
And the first soul (psyche) loved Eros, who was with her, and poured her blood
upon him and upon the earth. And out of that blood the rose first sprouted up, out of the
earth, out of the thorn bush, to be a source of joy for the light that was to appear in the
bush. Moreover, after this the beautiful, good-smelling flowers sprouted up from the earth,
different kinds, from every single virgin of the daughters of Pronoia. And they, when
they had become enamored of Eros, poured out their blood upon him and upon the
earth. After these, every plant sprouted up from the earth, different kinds, containing the
seed of the authorities and their angels. After these, the authorities created out of the
waters all species of beast, and the reptiles and birds - different kinds - containing the
seed of the authorities and their angels.
But before all these, when he had appeared on the first the first day, he remained upon
the earth, something like two days, and left the lower Pronoia in heaven, and ascended
towards his light. And immediately darkness covered all the universe. Now when she
wished, the Sophia who was in the lower heaven received authority from Pistis, and
fashioned great luminous bodies and all the stars. And she put them in the sky to shine
upon the earth and to render temporal signs and seasons and years and months and
days and nights and moments and so forth. And in this way the entire region upon the
sky was adorned.
Now when Adam of Light conceived the wish to enter his light - i.e., the eighth heaven -
he was unable to do so because of the poverty that had mingled with his light. Then he
created for himself a vast eternal realm. And within that eternal realm he created six
eternal realms and their adornments, six in number, that were seven times better than
the heavens of chaos and their adornments. Now all these eternal realms and their
adornments exist within the infinity that is between the eighth heaven and the chaos
below it, being counted with the universe that belongs to poverty. If you want to know
the arrangement of these, you will find it written in the Seventh Universe of the Prophet
And before Adam of Light had withdrawn in the chaos, the authorities saw him and
laughed at the prime parent because he had lied when he said, "It is I who am God. No
one exists before me." When they came to him, they said, "Is this not the god who
ruined our work?" He answered and said, "Yes. If you do not want him to be able to ruin
our work, come let us create a man out of earth, according to the image of our body
and according to the likeness of this being, to serve us; so that when he sees his
likeness, he might become enamored of it. No longer will he ruin our work; rather,we
shall make those who are born out of the light our servants for all the duration of this
eternal realm." Now all of this came to pass according to the forethought of Pistis, in
order that man should appear after his likeness, and should condemn them because of
their modelled form. And their modelled form became an enclosure of the light.
Then the authorities received the knowledge (gnosis) necessary to create
man. Sophia Zoe - she who is with Sabaoth - had anticipated them. And she laughed at
their decision. For they are blind: against their own interests they ignorantly created
him. And they do not realize what they are about to do. The reason she anticipated them
and made her own man first, was in order that he might instruct their modelled form how
to despise them, and thus to escape from them.
Now the production of the instructor came about as follows. When Sophia let fall a
droplet of light, it flowed onto the water, and immediately a human being appeared,
being androgynous. That droplet she molded first as a female body. Afterwards,
using the body she molded it in the likeness of the mother, which had appeared. And
he finished it in twelve months. An androgynous human being was produced, whom
the Greeks call Hermaphrodites; and whose mother the Hebrews call Eve of Life (Zoe),
namely, the female instructor of life. Her offspring is the creature that is lord.
Afterwards, the authorities called it "Beast", so that it might lead astray their modelled
creatures. The interpretation of "the beast" is "the instructor". For it was found to be the
wisest of all beings.
Now, Eve is the first virgin, the one who without a husband bore her first offspring. It is
she who served as her own midwife. For this reason she is held to have said:
Now these through the will <...> The souls that were going to enter the modelled
forms of the authorities were manifested to Sabaoth and his Christ. And regarding these,
the holy voice said, "Multiply and improve! Be lord over all creatures." And it is they
who were taken captive, according to their destinies, by the prime parent. And thus they
were shut into the prisons of the modelled forms until the consummation of the age.
- It is I who am the part of my mother; and it is I who am the mother.
- It is I who am the wife; it is I who am the virgin.
- It is I who am pregnant; it is I who am the midwife.
- It is I who am the one that comforts pains of travail.
- It is my husband who bore me; and it is I who am his mother.
- And it is he who is my father and my lord.
- It is he who is my force; What he desires, he says with reason.
- I am in the process of becoming; yet I have borne a man as lord.
And at that time, the prime parent then rendered an opinion concerning man to those
who were with him. Then each of them cast his sperm into the midst of the navel of the
earth. Since that day, the seven rulers have fashioned man with his body resembling
their body, but his likeness resembling the man that had appeared to them. His
modelling took place by parts, one at a time. And their leader fashioned the brain and
the nervous system. Afterwards, he appeared as prior to him. He became a
soul-endowed man. And he was called Adam, that is, "father", according to the name of
the one that existed before him.
And when they had finished Adam, he abandoned him as an inanimate vessel, since he
had taken form like an abortion, in that no spirit was in him. Regarding this thing, when
the chief ruler remembered the saying of Pistis, he was afraid lest the true man enter his
modelled form and become its lord. For this reason he left his modelled form forty days
without soul, and he withdrew and abandoned it. Now on the fortieth day, Sophia Zoe
sent her breath into Adam, who had no soul. He began to move upon the ground. And he
could not stand up.
Then, when the seven rulers came, they saw him and were greatly disturbed. They went
up to him and seized him. And he (viz., the chief ruler) said to the breath within him,
"Who are you? And whence did you come hither?" It answered and said, "I have come
from the force of the man for the destruction of your work." When they heard, they
glorified him, since he gave them respite from the fear and the anxiety in which they
found themselves. Then they called that day "Rest", in as much as they had rested from
toil. And when they saw that Adam could stand up, they were glad, and they took him
and put him in Paradise. And they withdrew up to their heavens.
After the day of rest, Sophia sent her daughter Zoe, being called Eve, as an instructor, in
order that she might make Adam, who had no soul, arise, so that those whom he should
engender might become containers of light. When Eve saw her male counterpart
prostrate, she had pity upon him, and she said, "Adam! Become alive! Arise upon the
earth!" Immediately her word became accomplished fact. For Adam, having arisen,
suddenly opened his eyes. When he saw her, he said, "You shall be called 'Mother of
the Living'. For it is you who have given me life."
Then the authorities were informed that their modelled form was alive and had arisen,
and they were greatly troubled. They sent seven archangels to see what had happened.
They came to Adam. When they saw Eve talking to him, they said to one another, "What
sort of thing is this luminous woman? For she resembles that likeness which appeared
to us in the light. Now come, let us lay hold of her and cast her seed into her, so that
when she becomes soiled she may not be able to ascend into her light. Rather, those
whom she bears will be under our charge. But let us not tell Adam, for he is not one of
us. Rather let us bring a deep sleep over him. And let us instruct him in his sleep to the
effect that she came from his rib, in order that his wife may obey, and he may be lord
Then Eve, being a force, laughed at their decision. She put mist into their eyes and
secretly left her likeness with Adam. She entered the tree of knowledge and remained
there. And they pursued her, and she revealed to them that she had gone into the tree
and become a tree. Then, entering a great state of fear, the blind creatures fled.
Afterwards, when they had recovered from the daze, they came to Adam; and seeing the
likeness of this woman with him, they were greatly disturbed, thinking it was she that
was the true Eve. And they acted rashly; they came up to her and seized her and cast
their seed upon her. They did so wickedly, defiling not only in natural ways but also in
foul ways, defiling first the seal of her voice - that had spoken with them, saying, "What
is it that exists before you?" - intending to defile those who might say at the
consummation (of the age) that they had been born of the true man through verbal
expression. And they erred, not knowing that it was their own body that they had defiled:
it was the likeness that the authorities and their angels defiled in every way.
First she was pregnant with Abel, by the first ruler. And it was by the seven authorities
and their angels that she bore the other offspring. And all this came to pass according
to the forethought of the prime parent, so that the first mother might bear within her
every seed, being mixed and being fitted to the fate of the universe and its
configurations, and to Justice. A prearranged plan came into effect regarding Eve, so
that the modelled forms of the authorities might become enclosures of the light,
whereupon it would condemn them through their modelled forms.
Now the first Adam, (Adam) of Light, is spirit-endowed and appeared on the first day.
The second Adam is soul-endowed and appeared on the sixth day, which is called
Aphrodite. The third Adam is a creature of the earth, that is, the man of the law, and he
appeared on the eighth day [...] the tranquility of poverty, which is called "The Day of
the Sun" (Sunday). And the progeny of the earthly Adam became numerous and was
completed, and produced within itself every kind of scientific information of the
soul-endowed Adam. But all were in ignorance.
Next, let me say that once the rulers had seen him and the female creature who was with
him erring ignorantly like beasts, they were very glad. When they learned that the
immortal man was not going to neglect them, rather that they would even have to fear the
female creature that had turned into a tree, they were disturbed, and said, "Perhaps
this is the true man - this being who has brought a fog upon us and has taught us that
she who was soiled is like him - and so we shall be conquered!"
Then the seven of them together laid plans. They came up to Adam and Eve timidly:
they said to him, "The fruit of all the trees created for you in Paradise shall be eaten; but
as for the tree of knowledge, control yourselves and do not eat from it. If you eat, you
will die." Having imparted great fear to them, they withdrew up to their authorities.
Then came the wisest of all creatures, who was called Beast. And when he saw the
likeness of their mother Eve he said to her, "What did God say to you? Was it 'Do not
eat from the tree of knowledge'?" She said, "He said not only, 'Do not eat from it', but,
'Do not touch it, lest you die.'" He said to her, "Do not be afraid. In death you shall not
die. For he knows that when you eat from it, your intellect will become sober and you will
come to be like gods, recognizing the difference that obtains between evil men and good
ones. Indeed, it was in jealousy that he said this to you, so that you would not eat from it."
Now Eve had confidence in the words of the instructor. She gazed at the tree and saw
that it was beautiful and appetizing, and liked it; she took some of its fruit and ate it;
and she gave some also to her husband, and he too ate it. Then their intellect became
open. For when they had eaten, the light of knowledge had shone upon them. When
they clothed themselves with shame, they knew that they were naked of knowledge.
When they became sober, they saw that they were naked and became enamored of
one another. When they saw that the ones who had modelled them had the form of
beasts, they loathed them: they were very aware.
Then when the rulers knew that they had broken their commandments, they entered
Paradise and came to Adam and Eve with earthquake and great threatening, to see the
effect of the aid. Then Adam and Eve trembled greatly and hid under the trees in
Paradise. Then the rulers did not know where they were and said, "Adam, where are
you?" He said, "I am here, for through fear of you I hid, being ashamed." And they said
to him ignorantly, "Who told you about the shame with which you clothed yourself? -
unless you have eaten from that tree!" He said, "The woman whom you gave me - it is
she that gave to me and I ate." Then they said to the latter, "What is this that you have
done?" She answered and said, "It is the instructor who urged me on, and I ate."
Then the rulers came up to the instructor. Their eyes became misty because of him, and
they could not do anything to him. They cursed him, since they were powerless.
Afterwards, they came up to the woman and cursed her and her offspring. After the
woman, they cursed Adam, and the land because of him, and the crops; and all things
they had created, they cursed. They have no blessing. Good cannot result from evil.
From that day, the authorities knew that truly there was something mightier than they: they
recognized only that their commandments had not been kept. Great jealousy was
brought into the world solely because of the immortal man. Now when the rulers saw that
their Adam had entered into an alien state of knowledge, they desired to test him, and
they gathered together all the domestic animals and the wild beasts of the earth and the
birds of heaven and brought them to Adam to see what he would call them. When he saw
them, he gave names to their creatures.
They became troubled because Adam had recovered from all the trials. They
assembled and laid plans, and they said, "Behold Adam! He has come to be like one of
us, so that he knows the difference between the light and the darkness. Now perhaps he
will be deceived, as in the case of the Tree of Knowledge, and also will come to the Tree
of Life and eat from it, and become immortal, and become lord, and despise us and
disdain us and all our glory! Then he will denounce us along with our universe. Come,
let us expel him from Paradise, down to the land from which he was taken, so that
henceforth he might not be able to recognize anything better than we can." And so they
expelled Adam from Paradise, along with his wife. And this deed that they had done was
not enough for them. Rather, they were afraid. They went in to the Tree of Life and
surrounded it with great fearful things, fiery living creatures called "Cheroubin", and they
put a flaming sword in their midst, fearfully twirling at all times, so that no earthly being
might ever enter that place.
Thereupon, since the rulers were envious of Adam they wanted to diminish their (viz.,
Adam's and Eve's) lifespans. They could not (, however,) because of fate, which had
been fixed since the beginning. For to each had been allotted a lifespan of 1,000 years,
according to the course of the luminous bodies. But although the rulers could not do
this, each of the evildoers took away ten years. And all this lifespan (which remained)
amounted to 930 years: and these are in pain and weakness and evil distraction. And so
life has turned out to be, from that day until the consummation of the age.
Thus when Sophia Zoe saw that the rulers of the darkness had laid a curse upon her
counterparts, she was indignant. And coming out of the first heaven with full power, she
chased those rulers out of their heavens, and cast them down into the sinful world, so
that there they should dwell, in the form of evil spirits (demons) upon the earth.
[...], so that in their world it might pass the thousand years in Paradise - a soul-endowed
living creature called "phoenix". It kills itself and brings itself to life as a witness to the
judgment against them, for they did wrong to Adam and his generation, unto the
consummation of the age. There are [...] three men, and also his posterities, unto the
consummation of the world: the spirit-endowed of eternity, and the soul-endowed, and
the earthly. Likewise, the three phoenixes <in> Paradise - the first is immortal; the
second lives 1,000 years; as for the third, it is written in the Sacred Book that it is
consumed. So, too, there are three baptisms - the first is the spiritual, the second is by
fire, the third is by water. Just as the phoenix appears as a witness concerning the
angels, so the case of the water hydri in Egypt, which has been a witness to those
going down into the baptism of a true man. The two bulls in Egypt possess a mystery,
the sun and the moon, being a witness to Sabaoth: namely, that over them Sophia
received the universe; from the day that she made the sun and the moon, she put a
seal upon her heaven, unto eternity.
And the worm that has been born out of the phoenix is a human being as well. It is
written (Ps 91:13 LXX) concerning it, "the just man will blossom like a phoenix". And the
phoenix first appears in a living state, and dies, and rises again, being a sign of what
has become apparent at the consummation of the age. It was only in Egypt that these
great signs appeared - nowhere else - as an indication that it is like God's Paradise.
Let us return to the aforementioned rulers, so that we may offer some explanation of
them. Now, when the seven rulers were cast down from their heavens onto the earth, they
made for themselves angels, numerous, demonic, to serve them. And the latter
instructed mankind in many kinds of error and magic and potions and worship of idols
and spilling of blood and altars and temples and sacrifices and libations to all the
spirits of the earth, having their coworker fate, who came into existence by the concord
between the gods of injustice and justice.
And thus when the world had come into being, it distractedly erred at all times. For all
men upon earth worshiped the spirits (demons) from the creation to the consummation -
both the angels of righteousness and the men of unrighteousness. Thus did the world
come to exist in distraction, in ignorance, and in a stupor. They all erred, until the
appearance of the true man.
Let this suffice so far as the matter goes. Now we shall proceed to consideration of our
world, so that we may accurately finish the description of its structure and management.
Then it will become obvious how belief in the unseen realm, which has been apparent
from creation down to the consummation of the age, was discovered.
I come, therefore, to the main points regarding the immortal man: I shall speak of all the
beings that belong to him, explaining how they happen to be here.
When a multitude of human beings had come into existence, through the parentage of
the Adam who had been fashioned, and out of matter, and when the world had already
become full, the rulers were master over it - that is, they kept it restrained by ignorance.
For what reason? For the following: since the immortal father knows that a deficiency of
truth came into being amongst the eternal realms and their universe, when he wished to
bring to naught the rulers of perdition through the creatures they had modelled, he sent
your likenesses down into the world of perdition, namely, the blessed little innocent
spirits. They are not alien to knowledge. For all knowledge is vested in one angel who
appeared before them; he is not without power in the company of the father. And
<he> gave them knowledge. Whenever they appear in the world of perdition,
immediately and first of all they reveal the pattern of imperishability as a condemnation
of the rulers and their forces. Thus when the blessed beings appeared in forms
modelled by authorities, they were envied. And out of envy the authorities mixed their
seed with them, in hopes of polluting them. They could not. Then when the blessed
beings appeared in luminous form, they appeared in various ways. And each one of
them, starting out in his land, revealed his (kind of) knowledge to the visible church
constituted of the modelled forms of perdition. It (viz., the church) was found to contain
all kinds of seed, because of the seed of the authorities that had mixed with it.
Then the Savior created [...] of them all - and the spirits of these are manifestly
superior, being blessed and varying in election - and also (he created) many other
beings, which have no king and are superior to everyone that was before them.
Consequently, four races exist. There are three that belong to the kings of the eighth
heaven. But the fourth race is kingless and perfect, being the highest of all. For these
shall enter the holy place of their father. And they will gain rest in repose and eternal,
unspeakable glory and unending joy. Moreover, they are kings within the mortal domain,
in that they are immortal. They will condemn the gods of chaos and their forces.
Now the Word that is superior to all beings was sent for this purpose alone: that he
might proclaim the unknown. He said, "There is nothing hidden that is not apparent,
and what has not been recognized will be recognized." And these were sent to make
known what is hidden, and the seven authorities of chaos and their impiety. And thus
they were condemned to death.
So when all the perfect appeared in the forms modelled by the rulers, and when they
revealed the incomparable truth, they put to shame all the wisdom of the gods. And their
fate was found to be a condemnation. And their force dried up. Their lordship was
dissolved. Their forethought became emptiness, along with their glory.
Before the consummation of the age, the whole place will shake with great thundering.
Then the rulers will be sad, [...] their death. The angels will mourn for their mankind, and
the demons will weep over their seasons, and their mankind will wail and scream at their
death. Then the age will begin, and they will be disturbed. Their kings will be
intoxicated with the fiery sword, and they will wage war against one another, so that the
earth is intoxicated with bloodshed. And the seas will be disturbed by those wars. Then
the sun will become dark, and the moon will cause its light to cease. The stars of the
sky will cancel their circuits. And a great clap of thunder will come out of a great force
that is above all the forces of chaos, where the firmament of the woman is situated.
Having created the first product, she will put away the wise fire of intelligence and
clothe herself with witless wrath. Then she will pursue the gods of chaos, whom she
created along with the prime parent. She will cast them down into the abyss. They will
be obliterated because of their wickedness. For they will come to be like volcanoes
and consume one another until they perish at the hand of the prime parent. When he
has destroyed them, he will turn against himself and destroy himself until he ceases to
And their heavens will fall one upon the next and their forces will be consumed by fire.
Their eternal realms, too, will be overturned. And his heaven will fall and break in two.
His [...] will fall down upon the [...] support them; they will fall into the abyss, and the
abyss will be overturned.
The light will [...] the darkness and obliterate it: it will be like something that has never
been. And the product to which the darkness had been posterior will dissolve. And the
deficiency will be plucked out by the root (and thrown) down into the darkness. And the
light will withdraw up to its root. And the glory of the unbegotten will appear. And it will
fill all the eternal realm.
When the prophecy and the account of those that are king becomes known and is
fulfilled by those who are called perfect, those who - in contrast - have not become
perfect in the unbegotten father will receive their glory in their realms and in the
kingdoms of the immortals: but they will never enter the kingless realm. For everyone
must go to the place from which he has come. Indeed, by his acts and his knowledge,
each person will make his (own) nature known.